Capillary rise and water infiltration are problems frequently noticed in basements. To remedy this, the realization of a casing is one of the best solutions. It is a rather delicate operation, but which can perfectly be carried out with a little application. Find out in the rest of this article what casing is and how to do it in a basement.
Casing: what is it?
Casing is an operation that consists of installing a watertight box at basement level to avoid humidity problems. Indeed, buried walls are often exposed to the risk of water infiltration or capillary rise, because they are close to the ground. This is an operation that can be used in cases where the realization of the seal on the outside is not possible.
It is often recommended to use the casing coating for a better resistance of the walls against abrasion or erosion. You will definitely need the intervention of a professional for a good operation of the casing of a cellar. This one has the equipment and the know-how necessary to avoid any alteration of the walls.
What are the stages of the realization of the casing of the basement?
For the realization of the casing, you must have the appropriate equipment and master the procedure to follow.
Material for the realization of a casing
You will need the following accessories for your basement casing:
- a waterproof mortar,
- a container for preparing the water-repellent mortar,
- a pair of gloves,
- a quantity of water,
The steps to follow for casing
To make the casing of your basement, you will have to go step by step, after having equipped yourself with the necessary equipment.
The application of the primer
Before starting the casing of the basement, it is necessary to ensure that the surface of the walls of the basement is completely dry. For this, it will be necessary, using a roller, to apply a waterproof primer on the walls concerned. This first coat must be applied so that a very smooth surface is obtained by applying m2 by m2 going from top to bottom. Then, it will be necessary to let this layer dry against the walls.
The preparation of the tank
To make the tank, you will have to pour your water-repellent mortar back into the container and then pass it on the walls. The most recommended is to apply it on a thickness of 12 to 18cm. It will then be necessary to fix the flashings in order to obtain a gap between the wall of the tank and the floor and then spread the mortar on the floor if necessary. Let everything dry for a while.
Do the finishing
After the mortar has dried, it will be necessary to reinforce the watertightness of the tank by applying a smoothing coating. You should also allow the coating to dry before repainting your basement walls to restore their desired appearance. For the floor of your basement, you have the option of applying epoxy paint or laying tiles.